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INDEX

A.E. (George W. Russell) 200
Agitation as a policy, 82, 83
Agricultural Board, 228, 234, seq. 269 Agriculture:--

Agricultural Holdings:--
Improvement of, 46 seq.
Transfer of peasants to new farms, 48 seq. Agricultural Organisation:
Denmark, 131
Department of Agriculture and farmers' societies, 211 England, Mr. Hanbury's and Lord Onslow's views, 242 Irish Agricultural Organisation Society (see that title) Societies 44, 45
Co-operation (see that title).
Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction (see that title) Depression in, 179
Education in relation to, 126, 264 seq. 269 Exodus of Rural Population, 39
State-Aid, 45, 211
Tillage, decrease of, 42

Agriculture and Technical Instruction (Ireland) Act, 224, 227, 236, 238 Albert Institute, Glasnevin, 230, 271 Altruism, appeal to in co-operation, 210 America, Irish in: 72

Causes of their success and failure, 55 seq. Irish in American politics, 70 seq. Loss of religion in, 111

Anderson, R.A.:--

Co-operative movement, 184, 190
Irish Agricultural Organisation Society, 200

Andrews, Mr. Thomas:--

Recess Committee, 219

Anti-English Sentiment:--

Irish in America and, 72
Nature and cause, 13

Anti-Treating League, 114
Arnott, Sir John:--

Recess Committee, 218

Art, modern ecclesiastical art in Ireland, 108 Association, economic, value of, 167 Associative qualities of the Irish, 166

Bacon Curing:--

Denmark, 131, 194

Bagot, Canon:--

Creamery movement, 189

Balfour, Arthur:--168

Irish policy, 243, 244

Balfour, Gerald:--243, 256

Agriculture and Technical Instruction (Ireland) Act, 225, 233 Local Government Act, 224, 238, 240 Policy of explained, 225
Recess Committee Proposals; Bill, 224

Banks, agricultural credit, 195 seq. Barley Experiments of the Department of Agriculture, 282 Belfast Chamber of Commerce and Home Rule, 67 Berkeley, Bishop:--

Irish priests, 141
On "Mending our state," 6
"Parties" and "politics," 63

Bessborough Commission, tenants improvements, &c. 22 Board of National Education, 126
Board of Technical Instruction, 228, 234 seq. 257 Bodley's France, Madame Darmesteter's review, 242 Boer war and the Irish attitude, 9
Bogs, utilisation of, 249
Boycotting, 87
Bright, John:--

Peasant proprietorship, 25

Brooke, Stopford, 92
Buckle, personal factor in history, 27 Bulwer Lytton, 34
Burke, 137
Butt, Isaac, 78
Butter, Danish, 131

Cadogan, Lord, 224
Catholic Association, 99
Catholic Emancipation Act, 104, 125, 132 Catholic University (see University Question). Celtic Race, Harold Frederic's opinion, 161 seq. Character:--

Associative qualities of the Irish, 166 Education and character, 144
Gaelic Revival, effect of on national character, 148, 155 Industrial character, 18
Irish inefficiency a problem of character, 32 Irish question a problem of character, 32, 59, 164 Lack of initiative in Irish character, 163 Moral timidity of Irish character, 64, 65, 80, 81 Prosperity of Ireland, to be founded on character, 291 Roman Catholicism and Irish character, 101-105, 110

Chesterfield, Lord:--

Education as the cause of difference in the character of men, 144

Christian Brothers' Schools, 131
Christian Socialists, 184
Church-building in Ireland,. 107
Church Disestablishment Act, 1869,--Land Purchase Clauses, 25 Clan-System in Ireland, 75
Clergy, Roman Catholic:--

Action and attitude towards questions of the day 105 Authority, 96, 105 seq.
Moral influence, 115, 116
Political influence, 117
Temperance reform, 112, 114

College of Science and Department of Agriculture, 229 Colonies, history of the Irish in, 72 seq. Commercial Restrictions--effect of on Irish industrial character, 17 seq. Con O'Neal forbids his posterity to build houses, etc., 57 Congested Districts Board:--

Agricultural banks, loans to 197
Department of Agriculture and, 245 Land Act (1903) and, 245
Success of, 243, 244

Convents and Monasteries, increase of, 108 Co-operative Movement:--

Agricultural Banks, 195 seq.
Agricultural depression, cause of, 179 Altruism, appeal to, 210
Anderson, R.A., 184, 190, 200
Associative qualities of Irish, 166, 178, 186 Beginnings, 178
Combination, necessity of, 181
Co-operative Union, Manchester, 184 Craig, Mr. E.T., and the Vandeleur Estate, 184 Creameries, 187 seq.
Denmark, 131, 194
Educating adults, 177
English co-operation, 166, 184
Finlay, Father Thomas, 119, 192, 218 Gaelic Revival and, 149 seq.
Gray, Mr. T.C., 184
Holyoake, Mr., 184
Hughes, Mr. Tom, 184
Irish Agricultural Organisation Society (see that title). Irish Homestead, 190, 202
Ludlow, Mr., 184
Marum, Mr. Mulhallen, 189
Middlemen, 180
Monteagle, Lord, 184
Moral effects, 207, 208
Neale, Mr. Vansittart, 184
Necessity of co-operation for small landholders, 44 seq. Production and distribution problems, 179, 180 Roman Catholic clergy and, 119
State-aid side, 45, 165
Success, causes of 210, 211
Vandeleur estate community, 184
Village libraries, 199
Wolff, Mr. Henry W., 199
Yerburgh, Mr., 199

Cork:--

Exhibition, Department's Exhibit, 119, 285 seq.

Craig, Mr. E.T.--

Co-operative Movement 184

Creameries, co-operative, beginnings, 187 seq. Crop improvement schemes of the Department, 282 Council of Agriculture, 228, 232 seq. 257

Dairying Industry--Co-operation and, 187 seq. Dane, Mr.:--

Recess Committee, 218

Darmesteter, Madame, Syndicats agricoles, 242 Davis, Thomas:--137

Political Methods, 77, 83

Denmark:--

Co-operation in, 131, 194
High Schools, 131

Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction:-- 60

Agriculture and Technical Instruction (Ireland) Act, 224, 227, 236, 238 Agricultural Board, 228, 234 seq. 257 Agricultural education, 236, 237, 264 seq. 269, 272 Agricultural Organisation, 241
Albert Institute, Glasnevin, 230, 271 Balfour, Gerald, 225, 233
Board of Technical Instruction, 228, 234 seq. 257 College of Science and, 229
Congested Districts Board and Department, 245 Consultative Committee for Co-ordinating Education, 236, 237, 272 Constitution, etc., 228
Co-operative movement and the benefits of organisation, 241 Cork Exhibition exhibit, 119, 285 seq. Council of Agriculture, 228, 232 seq. 257 Crop improvement schemes 282
Domestic economy teaching, 272
Early days' experiences, 217 seq. Educational policy, 236, 237, 272, 274 Educational work, 262
Endowment, etc., 231
Home Industries, 275
Industrial education and industrial life, 130 Intermediate Education Board and, 235, 237 Itinerant instruction, 126, 270
Irish Agricultural Organisation Society and, 203 Live Stock Schemes, 279
Local Committees, 261
Local Government Act and work of Department, 239 Metropolitan School of Art 230
Munster Institute, Cork, and, 230, 274 Parliamentary representation, 220, 228 Powers, 229 seq.
Provincial Committees, 234
Purposes, 228
Recess Committee's Recommendations, 220 Royal Dublin Society and, 279
Rural life improvement, 159
Sea Fisheries, 282
Staff, 228
Teachers, 267
Technical instruction, 130, 228, 234, seq., 257, 263, 267, 279 Work already accomplished, 278 seq.

Desmolins, M.:--

English love of home, 53

Devon Commission, tenants'

improvements, 22

Dineen, Rev. P.S.:--

Editor O'Rahilly's poems, 76

Dixon, Sir Daniel:--

Recess Committee, 218

Domestic economy teaching, 272
Drink Evil:--

Anti-Treating League, 114
Causes, 112
Roman Catholic Clergy's influence, 112, 114

Dudley, Lord, 170, 290
Dufferin, Lord:--

Effect of commercial restrictions in Ireland, 20

Duffy, Sir C.G. 77
Dunraven Conference, 8, 10, 207

Economic system in England, individualism of, 166 Economic thought:--

Influence of Roman Catholicism, 101 seq. Lack of in Ireland, 133 seq.

Education:--

Agricultural instruction, 126 264 seq. 269 Board of National Education, 126
Christian Brothers, 131
Commissioners of National Education, 235 Consultative Committee for co-ordinating Education, 236, 237, 272 Continental methods, 129
Defects of present system, 128
Denmark High Schools, 131
Department of Agriculture's policy and work, 236, 237, 262, 272, 274 Economic, 130, 133
Education Bill, 99
English education in Ireland, 122
Influence of on national life, 59
Industrial, 130, 264
Intermediate Education system, 128, 235, 237 Irish education schemes, 123 seq. Itinerant instruction, 126, 270
Keenan, Sir Patrick, 126
Kildare Street Society, 123
Literary Education, 131
Lord Chesterfield on Education 144 Manual and Practical Instruction in Primary Schools, Commission, 128, 129 Maynooth, influence of, 134-136, 138, 139 Monastic and Conventual institutions, 108 National factor in national education, 152, 153 Practical, 129 seq.
Reports of Commissions, 127
Roman Catholics, higher education, 97, 132, 133 Royal University, 128
Technical instruction, 228, 231 seq., 257, 263 Trinity College, influence of, 134, 136 seq. University:--
Place of the University in education, 133 Royal Commission on University Education, 128 Wyse's Scheme, 125

Education Bill, 99
Emigration, causes of, etc., 40, 116 England:--

Anti-English sentiment in Ireland, 13, 72 Co-operation in, 166, 184, 192, 206, 242 Economic system, individualism of, 166 Misunderstanding of Irish question, 7 seq.

Ewart, Sir William:--

Recess Committee, 218

Experimental Plots of the Department, 281

Ferguson, Sir Samuel:--

National sentiment, 154

Field, Mr. William, 217
Finlay, Father Thomas:-- 119, 208

Irish Agricultural Organisation Society, 192 Recess Committee 218

Fisheries--Department of Agriculture, development scheme, 282 seq Flax improvement Schemes, 282
Fortnightly Review:--

Harold Frederic on Irish Question, 162

France, syndicats agricoles, 242
Franchise extension in 1885, effects of on Irish political thought, 78 Frederic, Harold:--

Views on Irish question, 161 seq.

Free Trade, effect of in Ireland, 19

Gaelic Revival:-- 148 seq.

Appeal to the individual 155
Co-operative movement and, 149 seq. Gaelic League, aims and objects, 150 Hyde, Douglas, 151
Irish language as a commercial medium, 158 National factor in education, importance of, 153 Politics and the Gaelic revival, 156, 187 Rural life, rehabilitation, 159

Gill, Mr. T.P.:--

Recess Committee, 219

Gladstone:-- 85

Belfast Chamber of Commerce, Home Rule deputation, 67 Home Rule, attitude towards, 3, 66, 67 Tenants' improvements, 22

Glasnevin, Albert Institute, 230, 271 Grattan, 137
Gray, Mr. J.C.:--

Co-operative movement, 181

Grazing, increase of, 42
Grundtvig, Bishop, 131

Hanbury, Mr.:-- 251

Agricultural Societies, necessity of, 242 Suppression of Swine Fever, 252

Hannon, Mr. P.J.--I.A.O.S. 200
Harrington, Mr. T.C.:--
Recess Committee 218
Healy, Archbishop, work for Ireland, 118
Hegarty, Father, work for Ireland, 119


Historical Grievances, 14, 17, 59, 104, seq. 120, 147 Holdings, small, problem of, 46
Holyoake, Mr.:--

Co-operative Movement, 184

Domestic Economy Teaching, 272
Home: Improvement of, 159

Irish Conception of, 53
Irish, "homelessness at home," cause of 57, 58

Home Industries, 192, 275
Home Rule:--Bill 1886, 61

Gladstone's attitude to the question 3 Nationalist tactics as a means of attaining 84 Rosebery, Lord, attitude to the question, 4 Ulster and Home Rule, 66, 86. seq. Unionist attitude towards, 35

Hughes, Tom, Co-operative Movement, 184 Hyde, Douglas, 151

Individualism of English economic system, 166 Industrial character of the Irish, effect of commercial restrictions, 18 Industrial leadership, and political leadership, 212 Industry:--

Commercial Restrictions, 16-20
Education and Industrial Life, 130 Free Trade, effect of, 19
Gaelic League and, 135
Home Rule and, 87
Peasant Industries 52
Protestantism and Industry 100
Roman Catholicism and Industry. 100, 103 seq. State-Aid 45

Initiative, lack of in Irish character, 163 Intermediate Education 128, 235, 237 Irish Agricultural Organisation Society:-- 149

Agricultural Banks, 195 seq.
Agricultural Organisation:--
Denmark, 131
Department of Agriculture and Farmers' Societies, 241 England, Mr. Hanbury's view, 242 Onslow, Lord, opinion, 242
Welsh Co. Councils, and, 242
Anderson, R.A., 200
Central body, necessity for 194
Cork Exhibition, tours organised by, 286 Department of Agriculture and, 203 Federations, principal, 193
Finlay, Father Thomas, 119, 192, 208, 218 Funds, 202 seq.
Gaelic revival and the co-operative movement, 149 seq. Hannon, Mr. P.J., 200
Inauguration, 191
Irish, Homestead, 190, 202
Monteagle, Lord, 192
Roman Catholic clergy and the movement, 119 Rural life social movements, 159, 199 Russell, George W. (A.E.), 200
Societies, number, etc. 192
Staff, &c. 200
Village libraries, 199

Irish Homestead, 190, 202
Irish language as a commercial medium, 158 "Irish night" in House of Commons, 2 Irish Question:--

Anomalies, 33
Character, a problem of, 32, 59, 164 Emigration, 40
English misunderstanding, 7 seq. Frederic, Harold, diagnosis by, 161 seq. Gaelic Revival and, 148
Historical grievances, 16 seq.
Home Rule (see that title)
Human problem, 2
Land Act marks a new era in, 11
Land system (see that title).
Our ignorance about ourselves 32
Parnell's death, effect of, 5
Political remedies, Irish belief in, 33 Rural life, problem, 39, 57, 263
Sentiment, force of, 15
Ulster's attitude important, 38

Itinerant Instructors, 126, 127, 271, 284

Johnson, Dr., on "economy," 278

Kane, Rev. R.R.:-- 157

Recess Committee, 218

Keenan, Sir Patrick:--

Itinerant instructors, 126, 127

Kelly, Dr. (Bishop of Ross):--

Work for Ireland, 118

Kildare Street School of Domestic Economy 274 Kildare Street Society, 123-125

Land Acts:--

1870, 23;
1881, 23, 24;
1891, Congested Districts, 243
1903:-- 10, 11, 42, 48, 245
Marks a new era in Ireland, 11
Transfer of peasants to new farms, 48

Land Conference:-- 93

Landed gentry not to be expatriated, 85 Nationalist leaders' attitude, 89

Land Purchase Acts, 25
Land Question and Tenure Question, 41, 42 Land system:-- 17

Causes of failure in Irish land system, 21 Dual ownership 25
Land Acts:
1870, 23;
1881, 23, 24;
1891, 243;
1903, 10, 11, 42, 48, 246.
Land Purchase Acts, 25
Legislation, 23 seq.
Peasant proprietorship, germs of, 25 Tenure question, 41, 42

Lawless, Emily:--

"With the Wild Geese," 92

Le Bon, "La Psychologie De la Foule," 167 Lea, Sir Thomas:--

Recess Committee, 218

Leadership in Ireland, political and industrial, 212 Lecky, Mr.:--

Irish grievances, 14
Kildare Street Society, 124

Live stock improvement schemes, 279
Liverpool Financial Reform Association, 127 Local Government:-- 83

Balfour, Mr. Gerald, 224, 238, 240 Department of Agriculture and local effort, Educative effect of, 90
Nationalist leaders' attitude 88
Success in working, 88, 240

Lucas, Mr., 77
Ludlow, Mr.:--

Co-operative movement, 184

McCarthy, Mr. Justin:--

Recess Committee, 215

Manchester, Co-operative Union 181
Manual and Practical Instruction in Primary Schools' Commission, 128, 129 Manures, Artificial--

Department of Agriculture's encouragement in the use of, 282

Marum, Mr. Mulhallen--Co-operative Movement 189 Maynooth, influence of, 134 136, 138, 139 Mayo, Lord:--

Recess Committee, 218

Memorandum on Agricultural Education 269 Metropolitan School of Art, 230
Middlemen, 180
Monasteries and Convents, increase of, 108 Monteagle, Lord:--

Co-operative movement, 184
I.A.O.S. President, 192
Recess Committee 218

Moral timidity of Irish character, 65, 80, 81 Morals:--

Roman Catholic Clergy's influence on, 115, 116

Mulhall, Mr. Michael:--

Recess Committee, 219

Munster Institute, Cork, 230, 274
Musgrave, Sir James:--

Recess Committee, 219

National Education Board, Agricultural Teaching, 126 Nationalist Party:--

Home Rule, 35, 84
Land Conference and, 89
Local Government and, 88
Policy, 69
Qualifications of leaders, 90, 91
Recess Committee and, 222
Responsibility of leaders, 81
Tactics:-- 84 seq.
Effect of on Irish political character, 80

Nationality:--

Education and nationality, 152 seq. Expansion of, outside party politics, 154 Modern conception of Irish nationality, 76

Neale, Vansittart:--

Co-operative movement, 184

O'Connell, 77
O'Conor Don:--

Recess Committee, 218

O'Dea, Dr.:--

University Commission, statements, 109, 141

O'Donnell, Dr.:--

Ploughing up of grazing lands, 43

O'Donovan, Father, 119
O'Dwyer, Dr.:--

Evidence before University Commission, 140

O'Gara, Dr.:--

On the cultivation of the land, 43

O'Grady, Standish, 154
Onslow, Lord:--

Agricultural organisation, benefit of, 242

O'Rahilly, Egan:--

Lament for the Irish clans, 27

Oyster Culture, 283

Parnell:-- 48, 78

Downfall, effect on national idea and aims, 5, 79, 80

Peasant industries, necessity for, 52 Peasant Proprietary:--

Agricultural organisation, necessity of, 44 seq. Bright, John, and, 25
Peasant industries, necessity of, 52 Problem of next generation, 50, 51

Penal laws, effect of, 104, 132
Plantation system, 76
Politics:--

Agitation as a policy, 82, 83
America, Irish in politics in, 70 seq, Gaelic revival and politics, 156, 157 Irishmen as politicians,. 69 seq. "Irish night" in House of Commons, 92 Nationalist leaders' effect on Irish political character, 80 Obsession of the Irish mind by politics, 59, 61 seq. "One-man" system, 79
Political leadership and industrial leadership, 212 Political remedies, Irish belief in, 33 Political "wilderness," 91
"Priest in politics," 117
Separation, 87
Ulster Liberal Unionist Association, 66 Unionists (Irish):--
Industrial element and, 67, 68
Influence in Irish life, 63 seq.

Population.--

Relation of population to area, 49

Potato culture improvement schemes, 282 Production and distribution, problems, 179, 180 Protestantism:--

Duty of, 119
Ulster, 98, 99

Raiffeisen System of banking, 195-198 Railways--Light railway system, 243
Raimeis, 153
Recess Committee:-- 83, 210 seq. 238, 241

Cadogan, Lord, and, 224, 225
Constitution proposed, 215
Finlay, Father Thomas, 218
Gill, Mr. T.P. 219
Ideas leading to its formation, 213 M'Carthy, Mr. Justin, letter, 215
Members, 218
Mulhall, Mr. Michael, 219
Nationalist members, 222
Recommendations, 220
Redmond, Mr. John, and, 217
Report, 10, 129, 221
Results, 223 seq.
State-aid question, 223
Tisserand's memorandum, 220

Redmond, Mr. John:--

Recess Committee, 217

Religion:--

Influence of on Irish life, 59, 94 seq. Protestantism, 98, 99, 119
Roman Catholic Church (see that title). Sectarian animosities, 98, 99
Toleration, meaning of word, 95

Ritualistic movement, 99
Robertson, Lord:--

University Commission, 140

Roman Catholic Church:--

Church-building and increase of monasteries, etc., 107, 108, 109 Clergy:--
Action and attitude towards questions of the day, 105 seq. Authority of, 98, 105 seq.
Co-operative movement, 119
Moral influence, 115, 116
Political influence, 77, 117
Temperance reform, 112, 114
Economic conditions, influence on 101 seq. Effect on Irish character, 101-105, 110 Higher education of Roman Catholics, 97, 132

Rosebery, Lord:--

Attitude towards Home Rule, 4

Ross, Mr. John:--

Recess Committee, 218

Royal College of Science, 229, 268, 270 Royal Commission on University Education, 118, 128, 140 Royal Dublin Society, Aid to Department of Agriculture, 279 Royal University education, defects in, 128 Rural life:--

Emigration, causes of, 40, 116
Gaelic revival's influence on, 159 Industries, 52, 262, 266
Problem of, 39, 51, 263
Rehabilitation, 159, 199

Russell, George W. (A.E.), 200

Salisbury, Lord:--

"Twenty years of resolute government," 61

Saunderson, Colonel:--

Recess Committee, 217

Scotch-Irish in America, 71
Sea Fisheries--Department of Agriculture's improvement schemes, 282 Self-help movement (see Co-operative movement). Sentiment:--

Anti-English, cause of, 13 seq.
Force of in Irish question, 15, 127

Separation, Home Rule and, 87
Shinnors, Rev. Mr.:--

Irish in America, 111

Sinclair, Thomas:--

Recess Committee, 218

Social order, Irish attachment to, 54 Spectator:--English non-allowance for sentiment, 15 Speed's Chronicle:--

Con O'Neal, etc. 57

Spencer, Lord, 168
Starkie, Dr.:--

Mr. Wyse's education scheme, 126

State-aid:-- 45, 211, 219, 220, 223
Stephen, J.K. ("Cynicus") 164
Stopford Brooke, 92
Swine fever, 251

Technical Instruction, 130, 228, 234 seq. 257, 263, 267, 279 Temperance Reform, 112 seq.
Tenure question and land question, 41 Tillage, decrease of, 42
Tisserand, M.:--

Recess Committee memorandum, 220

Tobacco culture, 282
Trinity College, influence of, 134, 136 seq. Two Irelands, 37

Ulster:--

Attitude towards the rest of Ireland, 38 Home Rule, objections to, 66, 86, 87

Ulster Liberal Unionist Association, political thought in, 66 Unionist (Irish) Party:--

Industrial element in Irish life and, 67, 68, 86 Influence in Irish life, 63_seq._
Policy, 68
Ulster and Home Rule, 66,86 seq.

United Ireland, first real conception of, 77 United Irish League, 90
University Question:-- 99, 109

Catholic University:--
O'Dea, Dr., on, 141
O'Dwyer, Dr., on, 140
Hyde, Dr., evidence before Commission, 151 Maynooth, influence of, 134, 136, 138, 139 Place of the University in education, 133 Trinity College, influence of, 134, 136 seq. University reform necessary, 138

Vandeleur Estate, co-operative community, 184 Village libraries, 119, 199

Wolff, Mr. Henry W.:--

People's banks, 199

Wyndham, Mr.:--

Land Act. 1903, 10, 12

Wyse, Mr. Thomas:--

Scheme of Irish education, 125

Yeats, W.B. 154
Yerburgh, Mr. R.A.:--

Agricultural banks, 199




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Map of Ireland